What is referencing?
Referencing, or citing, is an essential component of academic writing, as it acknowledges the sources of information you have used to complete your assignments.
Referencing is important because it:
- ensures that you are not open to accusations of plagiarism
- identifies your sources and enables readers to locate them
- acknowledges copyright and shows respect to the author for their work
- demonstrates the validity or credibility of your arguments
- demonstrates the extent to which you know the relevant literature
- avoid plagiarism and academic misconduct (What is academic integrity and academic misconduct?)
What do you need to reference?
You are required to reference any information, ideas or data that are not your own, including when you have:
- quoted another author, word for word
- paraphrased or summarised information
- defined terms
- used tables, statistics or diagrams from a source
The basics of a Reference List entry for an unpublished thesis:
- Author. The surname is followed by first initials.
- Title (in single inverted commas).
- Level of Thesis.
Suwetwattanakul, C 2010, 'Developing a knowledge sharing model for the implementation of the learning organization in Thailand', PhD thesis, Victoria University, Melbourne.
- A thesis can come in a number of formats, i.e. they can be published, unpublished or retrieved from a database.
- The principles when referencing a thesis are similar to those employed when referencing a book.
- The example above is for an unpublished thesis, examples for an online or a published thesis can be found below.