Show MoreThe Nature vs. Nurture Debate
No change in circumstances can repair a defect of character. Ralph Waldo Emerson
One of the great controversial debates in Psychology is determining if characteristics and behavior are primarily due to genetics or the environment. We can now readily accept that genes determine our eye color, height, blood type, and other biological factors. Do these same genes that determine anatomy also determine our tendency towards traits such as violence, homosexuality or alcoholism? Some Psychologists, such as Freud, will argue that the home environment is primarily responsible for molding personality, while others cry genotype. There have been countless studies to find out if our destiny is written in…show more content…
If media exposure is to blame, then it is conceivable to assume that all children will eventually display similar behavior. To examine another theory, Dean Hamer, a geneticist at the National Institute of Health, has found evidence that biology could play a part in determining violent behavior (Pool, 1997). He found that low serotonin levels in the brain contribute to violent tendencies. So which theory explains Kinkle's outburst of seemingly senseless brutality? Based on the evidence that he was raised in a wholesome community, the most comfortable answer is a biological dysfunction he was born with, perhaps low serotonin production. We as a society do not want to believe that we are capable of producing abhorrent individuals, therefore it is easy to choose nature over nurture as an explanation, even though it is most likely a combination of the two.
One of today's most controversial arguments is whether homosexuality is due to chromosomal predetermination or a conscious decision. This argument is fueled by religious conviction, scientific findings, and standard social structure. Individuals with certain religious beliefs that cannot believe that God would make or accept a homosexual support their thoughts by quoting from The Bible, specifically Leviticus. To defend that theory, passages such as Leviticus 18:22, "You shall not lie with a male as with a
Nature versus Nurture
How to start an essay
When writing an essay, a writer first needs to organize their thought and ideas in a manner they can make sense of the flow of the same. It is common for one to be overwhelmed by the ideas they have in for a given topic especially where an essay is concerned. Organizing the thoughts and ideas is a crucial part as it helps with reducing the clutter in the thought process. This means by the time one is writing down their ideas they need to have solid topic. Topic selection is an aspect that requires the writer to be very conversant with the ideas associated with the same. As such, choosing a topic requires the writer to have some insight on the question at hand. This is relative to the ease associated with writing about something one is conversant with. From the topic, flows the ides to the included in the paper. Writing down will give order to the content and improve the element of delivery. In this essay the topic of choice is, nature versus nurture. This has a comparative approach and further argumentative. To set the pace in the argument to be presented in the paper, the writer needs a thesis statement. This is an argumentative statement that guides the thought process of the writer and further sets the direction of the ideas for the readers to follow. Thesis statements come at the end of the introduction of the essay.
Example of introduction:
“The nature versus nurture is a debate that is common around the elements of bringing up and the capabilities passed to the children and what they end up becoming in the future. Talents and precepts that people may have growing up are largely attributed to either nature or having come from the way the children were brought up. For some, nature which largely the genetic makeup of a person is the sole reason they are the way they are at an older age. For the other faction of the debate, it is the way that one brings up their children that determines the success they have in their adulthood. It is important to note the impact environments have on the growth of a child. Much like a seed, a child is open to the platform they are introduced to. As such, a large part of the development is attributable to the environment their parents introduce them to.”
Example of thesis:
“Nature has some profound impact on the development of a child, however, it is the element of nurture which determines their level of growth and most importantly development.”
How to write the body
When writing the body of the essay, it is crucial to note this the part where the argument is delivered. As such, all the ideas in this section are directly associated to the argument the writer wants the readers to interact with. It is in this section, the writer presents both sides of the argument and then presents the winning side, with support from various ideas they have, drawn from statistics or their personal opinion and observation. Each of the paragraph has to be designed in such a way to represent one set of ideas. By packaging the ideas into paragraphs, writer is able to direct the readers in a manner which is orderly. However, it is crucial for the writer to note the need to create transition between the paragraphs. Remember, this is an argument and all the part of the body are directed towards the argument the writer is trying to bring out. In this case, there are three paragraphs, where one is on nurture, another on nature and the argument. The number of paragraphs in this are kept on the minimum as the essay is short and hence precision is key.
Example of body paragraphs for nature vs nurture essay:
Example: (1st )
“Nature is associated with the genetic makeup the parents and hence those of the child. When a child is born of a high pedigree, this means their parents are of a higher standard when it comes to a certain attribute. This could be, the child is born of a family that is musically adept. As such, they also have the elements of quality vocals and a great appreciation for sound whether instrumental or from vocals. Families where most of the parents are into athletics or generally sports, the children also tend to be into the same. There is a genetic elements that impacts the paths the children take from an early age and this is also reflected in the choices they make when they are old enough. Other than that there is the fact that they also have the genes for sports or quality vocals. This is something they get from birth rather acquire as they go along. However, there is an element to be considered with the reference to the same, the environment.”
“Nurture on the other hand is associated with the environment the children are brought up in. where a child grows up in an environment, where most of the adults are in the financial industry or even sports, they are likely to take that path as they are brought up in an environment nurturing them towards such. Growing, parents ensure they give their children the very best. This is part creating the environment to enhance the chances of their children developing the qualities they want. As such, it is important to consider the environment the children.”
“Nature is mostly associated with the way one is born, as such all the advantages or disadvantages one may have are largely defined by their genetics. Who were your parents? However, in reality, it is the environment the child grows in which has the most impact on how the child turns out. Growing up in family of singers has more to with the environment than it has to do with the genetics. It is the exposure to the musical world that forms the foundation for the child to follow. As such, based on the experiences they have been through in the environment they have been brought up in. Ideally, while one may have been born into a family of athletes which translates into having the genetic makeup for sports; it is the environment which determines the growth and life choices they make along the way. This explain why most of the children will tend to take the path their parents took in their career. There are families that have been in politics for the longest time through several generations. However, it may not be that they are great orators, rather it is the environment they have been brought up in. This is the exposure they have had throughout their lives. If the environment is not right, a great orator may not even discover their talents and develop them. They are likely to live through life trying something different other than being a public speaker.”
How to conclude
Conclusions are the close of the argument developed in the paper. This is the part where the writer summarizes all the main points they have states in the body paragraph. It is a section that should give a reader all the viewpoints given in a certain essay, without the need for them to read through the paper.
Example of conclusion:
“The debate about nature versus nurture is one that has been around for a while. For the faction on nature, they feel much of the development is associated with the genetics one inherits from their parents. The nurture faction on the other hand associate growth with the environment one is brought up in. is important to note, genetics are a crucial part of development, however, it is the environment which the growth and development of person. As such, nurture has a more profound impact on the growth and development process than nature.”